The Katyn Forest Massacre was one of many great atrocities carried out during World War II. Shortly after Poland had be divided between the Soviets and the Nazi’s, in 1939, the mass executions of over 4,000 Polish officers was carried out in 1940. This massacre was carried out in the Katyn Forest, hence the name, near Smolensk, just across the boarder in neighboring Russia. These mass graves were discovered by the Nazi’s in 1943 after the invasion of the USSR which had began in June of 1941. The Soviet vehemently denied any such occurrence of this massacre until under president Gorbachev admitted of the massacres ordered under Stalin and carried out by the NKVD. Official documents released to the Polish government from Russia in 1992 have given us the number of 4,443 officers that were murdered in the Katyn Forest Massacre.
While this was an absolutely disgusting act it helped solidify the Western portion of Poland to be under Soviet control. Under the Soviet leadership another 16,000 total were also executed in various other sites. By doing this it crippled an polish military remnants and rendering military resistance against the Soviets to virtually none. By doing this the protective barrier against the Nazi’s was established, although it wouldn’t last for long.
For further pictures from the Nazi’s when the sites were discovered check here.
For the trailer to the movie Katyn, a Polish movie based off the massacre, check here.
Image: “Enlargement of Nazi Photographs 1-8.” Enlargements of Nazi Photos 1-9. Accessed March 25, 2018. https://www.katyn.org.au/n1.html.
Photo Database: “Katyn Forest Massacre.” Nazi Photos of the 1943 Exhumations in Katyn Forest. Accessed March 25, 2018. https://www.katyn.org.au/naziphotos.html.
“Katyn Forest Massacre.” Seventeen Moments in Soviet History. June 18, 2017. Accessed March 25, 2018. http://soviethistory.msu.edu/1943-2/katyn-forest-massacre/.
Movie Trailer: “Katyn Trailer.” YouTube. June 15, 2009. Accessed March 25, 2018. https://youtu.be/zlzH43yPO6A.